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Thoughts and Trauma – Theory and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder from a Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Perspective

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König, Julia:
Thoughts and Trauma – Theory and Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder from a Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Perspective.
In: Intervalla : platform for intellectual exchange. 2 (2015). - S. 13-19.
ISSN 2296-3413

Volltext

Link zum Volltext (externe URL): https://www.fus.edu/intervalla-files/vol2/2-JK.pdf

Kurzfassung/Abstract

Julia König introduces the topic of trauma from the point of view of the cognitive psychologist and therapist. The term “trauma” is firmly defined by official organs, outlining a set of symptoms for conditions, such as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). But the issue is more complex than a set of undisputed signs and the term “trauma,” often so casually thrown into a conversation, should be used with great care. PTSD is not an exclusive reaction to a personal or collective catastrophe, not everybody living a traumatic event develops mental health problems, some people recover all by themselves. The article posits the exteriority of trauma to a person’s self and addresses two ways how individuals try to integrate it into their lives: people either strive to keep their cognitive schemas intact or they alter their schemas to comply with reality. “Assimilation” describes the cognitive process when the traumatic event is interpreted in a way that it fits into the existing schema; and “accommodation” is the process when the schema is changed so that new information can be incorporated. PTSD patients often change their schemas in a dysfunctional way ("over-accommodation"). König gives a case study, where she demonstrates how important it is to recognize “assimilation” and “(over)-accommodation” processes in the model known as Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT). The model aims at changing these dysfunctional beliefs. A particularly important point of discussion is brought up in the so-called “stuck-points,” problematic cognitions that hinder the processing and integration of traumatic events into a person’s life.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform:Artikel
Schlagwörter:trauma, posttraumatic stress disorder, cognitive therapy, assimilation, accommodation
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Psychologie I - Lehrstuhl für Biologische und Klinische Psychologie
Peer-Review-Journal:Ja
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
Eingestellt am:11. Mai 2016 07:46
Letzte Änderung:14. Jan 2020 10:53
URL zu dieser Anzeige:http://edoc.ku-eichstaett.de/18109/