What makes children tense in interviews? : an interactional analysis of semi-standardised interviews.
Veranstaltung: European Survey Research Association (ESRA) 3rd Conference, 29.06. - 03.07.2009, Warsaw.
(Veranstaltungsbeitrag: Kongress/Konferenz/Symposium/Tagung, Vortrag)
Children are increasingly seen as competent informants when their activities, views and needs are concerned. But methodological aspects of researching children are rarely discussed. Therefore the possible adjustment of research instruments – or whether such an undertaking is feasible at all – needs full consideration. We lack competence on cognitive, interactive and verbal capacities of children in interview situations. Surveys in particular require this kind of previous knowledge so that interviewer behaviour is adjusted accordingly and we construct a questionnaire that can measure valid data. The interviewer and respondent behaviour with child interviewees is a very specific one. Not only there is an authoritarian relation but also skills of both parties are different. Tension and insecurity are signs of problems either in this interaction or with the content or research instrument. An in depth analysis of those occasions therefore promises the option of improved interviewer behaviour and of better research instruments.
For studying the interviewer and respondent behaviour 112 qualitative semi-structured interviews with 56 children aged 5 to 11 were analysed. Every child was interviewed twice, once face-to-face and the other time via telephone. All interactions in the interviews have been coded with the Interaction Process Analysis (IPA; Bales, 1950). By using the IPA instances where tension evolves on behalf of the child respondent can be easily spotted. Also the interactional context can be qualified. This quantitative analysis is accompanied by a more qualitative and content related analysis that connects interaction with the specific task or content of a question within an interview. Causes and consequences of tension within the interview progress can be analysed. Interviewer behaviour, question format and content are taken into account for causes. Furthermore, how do children cope with insecurity and tension? Does it have an impact on the interview progress afterwards? Beyond this, age and interview mode are seen as factors that influence not only the total amount of interactions showing tension and insecurity but also causes, expression and coping-strategies.
This qualitative study is used as a vehicle for better understanding of answers in more standardised procedures. The added value in enhanced understanding is the option of an enhanced quality of survey methodology.
|Publikationsform:||Veranstaltungsbeitrag (unveröffentlicht): Kongress/Konferenz/Symposium/Tagung, Vortrag|
|Schlagwörter:||Methodologie; Leitfadeninterviews; Kinder|
|Institutionen der Universität:||Geschichts- und Gesellschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät > Soziologie > Lehrstuhl für Soziologie und empirische Sozialforschung|
|Titel an der KU entstanden:||Ja|
|Eingestellt am:||12. Feb 2010 16:56|
|Letzte Änderung:||12. Sep 2012 19:50|
|URL zu dieser Anzeige:||http://edoc.ku-eichstaett.de/3444/|